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Canada

Historical and contemporary indigenous marine conservation strategies in the North Pacific

The oceans urgently need strategies to halt and reverse the decline of marine biodiversity worldwide. This paper shares the marine conservation approaches of the Kitasoo/Xai'xais First Nation in British Columbia, Canada, and assesses the Conservation Measures Partnership' conservation actions classification system on these approaches. The results show that the embodiment of conservation of the actions as part of the First Nation's worldview, rather than everyday life actions, is missing from  the classification system of the Conservation Measures Partnership.

Advancing marine cumulative effects mapping: An update in Canada’s Pacific waters

The rapidly progressing field of cumulative effects mapping is highly dependent on data quality and quantity. Availability of spatial data on the location of human activities on or affecting the ocean has substantially improved our understanding of potential cumulative effects. However, datasets for some activities remain poor and increased access to current, high resolution data are needed. Here we present an updated analysis of potential cumulative effects in Canada’s Pacific marine waters.

Cumulative effects of planned industrial development and climate change on marine ecosystems

With increasing human population, large scale climate changes, and the interaction of multiple stressors, understanding cumulative effects on marine ecosystems is increasingly important. Two major drivers of change in coastal and marine ecosystems are industrial developments with acute impacts on local ecosystems, and global climate change stressors with widespread impacts. We conducted a cumulative effects mapping analysis of the marine waters of British Columbia, Canada, under different scenarios: climate change and planned developments.