Marine protected areas (MPAs) are suffering from the consequences of climate change, like ocean acidification, because of which traditional MPA management strategies are being challenged. Still, there is a concerning gap between the impacts of climate change on the marine environment and the initiatives addressing these challenges at local and regional levels. However, the impact climate change has on marine ecosystems is increasingly experienced by MPA managers, leading to climate assessment and adaption receiving more attention.
This factsheet, a product of the partnership of WWF UK and Sky Ocean Rescue (UK SEAS Project), provides answers to the question: "What are the key benefits the marine environment provides to people, and what are the risks and opportunities?" related to North Devon, United Kingdom. This communication tool gives a brief explaination of how the concept of Ecosystem Services and how this applies to the situation in North Devon. The UK SEAS Project developed several other reports and communications tools that can be find via the link below.
This compass is a product of the UK SEAS project, a partnership of WWF and Sky Ocean Rescue, aiming to improve the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the UK and share lessons across Europe and beyond. Being an evaluation tool for MPA management effectiveness, the compass contains 38 criteria that address different aspects of the management of MPAs.
This report is one of the products of a project reviewing the economic benefits of MPAs, which is initiated by the European Commission and carried out by ICF, IEEP and PML. This study, task five of the larger project, gathered information from ten MPA case studies through qualitative research including stakeholder interviews and field visits. The ten case studies investigated the economic benefits of MPAs to evalaluate findings resulting from the project's previous research tasks and to collect lessons learned based on situations from different MPAs in European waters.
This report provides an update on the current state of the MPA network in English waters, established under the United Kingdom's Marine and Coastal Access Act. Since 2012, the United Kingdom has made substantial progress on its MPA network - also called the 'Blue Belt' - and fifty new Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) have been designated. In broad terms, the targets of this large-scale project focus on the conservation of marine species and habitats in the MPA network.
Enabling Effective and Equitable Marine Protected Areas - Guidance on combining governance approaches
This guide is developed by UN Environment (UNEP) to provide evidence-based advice on how to use the governance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in promoting ocean conservation and a sustainable use of marine resources. The governance framework and key issues highlight several governance situations, and are supported by case studies that exemplify different governance approaches, challenges and solutions. The guide recognises that each situation demands its own solution and therefore offers a flexible approach to governance.
Long-term and well-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) can, under the right circumstances, contribute to biodiversity conservation and ﬁsheries management, thus contributing to food security and sustainable livelihoods.
The Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences assesses the conservation benefits of protected areas in the Northwest Atlantic. The effects of seven temperate protected areas (MPAs and fishery closures) are evaluated and recommendations for further design and implementation are provided.
This presentation of Glenn Almany (ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies) shows evidence on how fishers can benefit from Marine Protected Areas. New research on increasing fish size and increasing larvae support theories on fisheries benefits.
Internaitonal guidebook of environmental finance tools. A sectoral approach: Protected Areas, Sustainable Forests, Sustainable Agricultture and Pro-Poor Energy
The International Guidebook of Environmental Finance Tools provides guidance to countries in developing and implementing the most commonly used, widely applicable, and potentially high-impact environmental finance tools. It does not offer a comprehensive list of all the environmental finance tools available to developing countries. Rather, it aims to define and analyse the primary tools that are already in use and that can be applied globally to advance sustainable development.