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coastal communities

Historical and contemporary indigenous marine conservation strategies in the North Pacific

The oceans urgently need strategies to halt and reverse the decline of marine biodiversity worldwide. This paper shares the marine conservation approaches of the Kitasoo/Xai'xais First Nation in British Columbia, Canada, and assesses the Conservation Measures Partnership' conservation actions classification system on these approaches. The results show that the embodiment of conservation of the actions as part of the First Nation's worldview, rather than everyday life actions, is missing from  the classification system of the Conservation Measures Partnership.

Transforming management of tropical coastal seas to cope with challenges of the 21st century

Over 1.3 billion people live on tropical coasts, primarily in developing countries. Many depend on adjacent coastal seas for food, and livelihoods. We show how trends in demography and in several local and global anthropogenic stressors are progressively degrading capacity of coastal waters to sustain these people. Far more effective approaches to environmental management are needed if the loss in provision of ecosystem goods and services is to be stemmed.

Marine Protected Areas succeed with community support (Video)

This video of RARE shows their MPA strategy in Southeast Asia: "Fisheries collapse is a threat facing most fishing communities in Southeast Asia. Communities can reduce this threat by establishing marine protected areas, portions of the sea where fishing is prohibited, that then improve fish stocks which spill over outside the area. Rare trains and works with local conservation leaders to help engage their communities to reduce threats to their environment.

Policy Brief: Integrating Human Dimensions into MPA Planning and Management

The focus of this policy brief is on the principles, approaches and key directives that should guide consideration and incorporation of human dimensions into MPA planning and management especially in the context of local communities living in or adjacent to MPAs. The policy brief draws on an extensive review of the literature, best practices guidelines and empirical research conducted by the MPA research team in the EEU at UCT in several MPAs in South Africa.

Large Recovery of Fish Biomass in a No-Take Marine Reserve

No-take marine reserves are effective management tools used to restore fish biomass and community structure in areas depleted by overfishing. Cabo Pulmo National Park (CPNP) was created in 1995 and is the only well enforced no-take area in the Gulf of California, Mexico, mostly because of widespread support from the local community. In 1999, four years after the establishment of the reserve, there were no significant differences in fish biomass between CPNP (0.75 t ha−1 on average) and other marine protected areas or open access areas in the Gulf of California.

How much does the fishery at Apo Island benefit from spillover of adult fish from the adjacent marine reserve?

The contribution of the no-take marine reserve at Apo Island, Philippines, to local fishery yield through "spillover" (net export of adult fish) was estimated. Spatial patterns of fishing effort, yield, and catch rates around Apo Island were documented daily in 2003-2004. Catch rates were higher near the reserve (by a factor of 1.1 to 2.0) but fishing effort was often lowest there. Higher catch rates near the reserve were more likely due to spillover than to low fishing intensity.

The Coral Triangle and Climate Change: Ecosystems, People and Societies at Risk

This report provides for a comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate change in the coral triangle region. Chapter 3 has a specific focus on the economic value of coral triangle fisheries and importance for food security and livelihoods. Chapter 5 provides an economic profile of the coral triangle countries looking at economic and demographic indicators in the context of the Millenium Development Goals.

Nature's investment bank: How marine protected areas contribute to poverty reduction - Policy brief

This is a 4-pp policy brief of the Nature's Investments Bank project, for decision-makers.This study was designed to determined whether four marine protected areas have contributed to poverty reduction, and if so, why. The study sites are in Fiji (Navakavu), the the Solomon Islands (Arnavon Islands), Indonesia (Bunaken) and the Philippines (Apo Island). The sites are not a random sample but were deliberately chosen because local experts believe they have contributed to poverty reduction.