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Study on the economic benefits of marine protected areas

This report is one of the products of a project reviewing the economic benefits of MPAs, which is initiated by the European Commission and carried out by ICF, IEEP and PML. This study, task five of the larger project, gathered information from ten MPA case studies through qualitative research including stakeholder interviews and field visits. The ten case studies investigated the economic benefits of MPAs to evalaluate findings resulting from the project's previous research tasks and to collect lessons learned based on situations from different MPAs in European waters. 

Conservation trust funds, protected area management effectiveness and conservation outcomes: lessons from the global conservation fund

The Global Conservation Fund (GCF) is a global programme intended to address the problems associated with protected areas that lack sufficient resources to function effectively. In operation since 2001, GCF has built a global portfolio of over 65 protected area investments linked to a comprehensive integrated data set on protected area management effectiveness and conservation outcomes.

Paying for MPAs: Examples of Large-Scale Fundraising for Planning and Management

Examines three financial mechanisms that were specially created to fund particular MPAs or MPA systems. The mechanisms — a not-for-profit partner foundation, endowments, and a dedicated fund — have each generated significant sums: millions of dollars in each case. Although such sums may be larger than most MPAs would require, the mechanisms could be scaled down as appropriate to fit individual site needs.

Conservation Finance Alliance Toolkit

This Toolkit shares the experiences of contributing Environmental Funds – their legal documents, manuals, plans, and communications materials. The goal is to help guide the creation and start-up of new Funds, promote best practices for existing Funds, and increase the efficiency and effectiveness to secure, and expend, reliable funding streams for biodiversity conservation. There are approximately 40 Environmental Funds – also called Conservation Trust Funds – with a biodiversity conservation focus, established around the globe.

International Guidebook of Environmental Finance Tools: A Sectoral Approach (chapter 4)

In 2010 there were over 150,000 Protected Areas, covering 13 percent of the earth’s land surface, up from 8.8 percent in 1990 (WDPA). More recently the global community participating in the 2010 Nagoya Convention on Biological Diversity agreed to increase the Protected Areas to 17 percent of the land surface area by 2020. This commitment to rapid growth in Protected Areas around the world is only part of the response that is necessary to safeguard the natural, cultural and social capital within their boundaries.

An initial scoping exercise for sustainable financing of MPAs in the Sulu-Sulawesi Seas Marine Eco-region - Philippines

In late 2011 WWF retained Mazars Starling Resources to conduct an initial scoping exercise for sustainable financing of MPAs in the Sulu-Sulawesi Seas Marine Ecoregion. This report represents a review of the current status of the MPAs in the Philippines portion of the SSME, as well as the policies and enabling conditions, current government budget allocations and potential financial flows from various government, market-driven and donor sources. It includes a review of the nature of the national protected area system in the Philippines generally and the status of five MPAs. 

Video: Sustainable Financing for MPAs in the Coral Triangle

In Coral Triangle, at least 15% of the countries' GDP depend on natural resources. Marine protected areas are efficient tools to sustainably manage ecosystems that provide economic, social and ecological benefits. However MPAs share a common problem: a critical lack of sustainable financing for their recurrent expenses and investment. WWF works with governments and partners to develop mechanisms and recommend solutions in this video.