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livelihoods

Assessing the Effect of Marine Reserves on Household Food Security in Kenyan Coral Reef Fishing Communities

Measuring the success or failure of natural resource management is a key challenge to evaluate the impact of conservation for ecological, economic and social outcomes. Marine reserves are a popular tool for managing coastal ecosystems and resources yet surprisingly few studies have quantified the socialeconomic impacts of marine reserves on food security despite the critical importance of this outcome for fisheries management in developing countries.

Marine Protected Areas succeed with community support (Video)

This video of RARE shows their MPA strategy in Southeast Asia: "Fisheries collapse is a threat facing most fishing communities in Southeast Asia. Communities can reduce this threat by establishing marine protected areas, portions of the sea where fishing is prohibited, that then improve fish stocks which spill over outside the area. Rare trains and works with local conservation leaders to help engage their communities to reduce threats to their environment.

Success stories from Malaysia

This document is a collection of success stories that relate to marine reserves in Malaysia, part of the Coral Triangle Initiative. The stories reveal the involvement of the local communities, as well as the socio-economic influences the marine conservation strategies had on their lives. Each case study shows that community involvement is crucial and beneficial in MPA management.

The Creation of the Chagos Marine Protected Area: A Fisheries Perspective

This article takes the perspectives of the fishermen that were affected by the establishment of the no-take MPA in the Chagos Archipelago in 2010. These fishermen felt like there was not enough evidence for a no-take zone that endangered their primary livelihood and had major socio-economic influences. The article states that the lack of engaging stakeholders in the MPA process resulted in conflicts that ended in court.

A fisherman’s perspective on MPAs (presentation)

This presentation shares the perspective of the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation on the establishment and management of the MPAs in their region. While highlighting historical events the main points of the presentation are that fisheries are not necessarily against MPAs, but that they do cause feelings of insecurity. Therefore, they need to be included in the design processes from the very beginning.

Fisheries, tourism, and marine protected areas: Conflicting or synergistic interactions?

Brazil - Fish production was high outside the MPA (9.25 t/day), and could be profitable, resulting in reduced fishing pressure, but a faulty market chain prevents this. Fishers involved with coastal tourism had better incomes than those who engaged in only fisheries. Tourism in permitted areas outside the MPA could benefit both fisheries and biodiversity conservation by reducing the time fishers allocate to fishing and by attracting visitors for wildlife viewing.

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