This video shares how sustainable seaweed farming can support marine conservation efforts in Zanzibar, an island where the ocean is essential to people's livelihood. This short film was produced as part of the AquaCoco project, supported by IUCN and the French Development Agency.
Assessing the Effect of Marine Reserves on Household Food Security in Kenyan Coral Reef Fishing Communities
Measuring the success or failure of natural resource management is a key challenge to evaluate the impact of conservation for ecological, economic and social outcomes. Marine reserves are a popular tool for managing coastal ecosystems and resources yet surprisingly few studies have quantified the socialeconomic impacts of marine reserves on food security despite the critical importance of this outcome for fisheries management in developing countries.
This infographic maps the in 2012 created MPA in front of the coast of Mozambique. The infographic shows how different ecosystems and species benefit from this protected area.
This infographic emphasizes the economic benefts of marine protection and the points out to the damage already done to the ocean, in numbers.
This video of RARE shows their MPA strategy in Southeast Asia: "Fisheries collapse is a threat facing most fishing communities in Southeast Asia. Communities can reduce this threat by establishing marine protected areas, portions of the sea where fishing is prohibited, that then improve fish stocks which spill over outside the area. Rare trains and works with local conservation leaders to help engage their communities to reduce threats to their environment.
This document is a collection of success stories that relate to marine reserves in Malaysia, part of the Coral Triangle Initiative. The stories reveal the involvement of the local communities, as well as the socio-economic influences the marine conservation strategies had on their lives. Each case study shows that community involvement is crucial and beneficial in MPA management.
This article takes the perspectives of the fishermen that were affected by the establishment of the no-take MPA in the Chagos Archipelago in 2010. These fishermen felt like there was not enough evidence for a no-take zone that endangered their primary livelihood and had major socio-economic influences. The article states that the lack of engaging stakeholders in the MPA process resulted in conflicts that ended in court.
This presentation shares the perspective of the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation on the establishment and management of the MPAs in their region. While highlighting historical events the main points of the presentation are that fisheries are not necessarily against MPAs, but that they do cause feelings of insecurity. Therefore, they need to be included in the design processes from the very beginning.
Brazil - Fish production was high outside the MPA (9.25 t/day), and could be profitable, resulting in reduced fishing pressure, but a faulty market chain prevents this. Fishers involved with coastal tourism had better incomes than those who engaged in only fisheries. Tourism in permitted areas outside the MPA could benefit both fisheries and biodiversity conservation by reducing the time fishers allocate to fishing and by attracting visitors for wildlife viewing.
Long-term and well-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) can, under the right circumstances, contribute to biodiversity conservation and ﬁsheries management, thus contributing to food security and sustainable livelihoods.