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MPA establishment

TOWARDS 2020: How Mediterranean countries are performing to protect their sea

This WWF report analyses the current marine protection area in the Mediterranean Sea, an area with a very rich diversity of marine and coastal ecosystems, a year before the CBD Aichi Target 11 deadline. Throughout the years, unsustainable use of marine resources, pollution and other threats from human activities have caused a dramatic decrease of marine species, as well as the destruction of important habitats.

Protecting Antarctica through Co-production of actionable science: Lessons from the CCAMLR marine protected area process

Threats to marine biodiversity worldwide have led to an increasing call for a global network of marine protected areas (MPAs). In 2018, Chile and Argentina have submitted an Antarctic Peninsula MPA proposal to the Commission on the Conservation of Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), a leader in science-based management. The Antarctic Peninsula is a highly threatened part of the Southern Ocean, due to industrial fishing and climate change.

Marine Protected Areas - Restoring Ireland’s Ocean Wildlife

This report analyses the progress of the Irish Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) with the 2020 Aichi target less than two years away, and shares why MPAs are a crucial tool in ocean protection. Ireland has committed to converting 10% of its waters into MPAs that have nature conservation as their number one objective. At the moment of publishing this report, only 2.3% of the Irish waters were protected to this extend. The Irish Wildlife Trust is urging the govenment to make the establishment of effectively designed and managed MPAs a priority. 

Biophysically Special, Unique Marine Areas of Fiji

Fiji, located in the Oceania region, has a very rich natural capital. This report is a product of the Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacfic Island Countries (MACBIO) project and outlines the process of defining and describing the Special, Unique Marine Areas (SUMAs) of Fiji. Appointing these unique marine areas provides an important tool that serves as input for many decisions related to MPA establishment and management.

Explaining global patterns and trends in marine protected area (MPA) development

The relative paucity and heterogeneous distribution of marine protected areas (MPAs) indicates the need for better understanding of factors that foster MPA establishment at local, sub-national, and national levels. The relationship between national-level MPA establishment and geographic, ecological, social, and political factors that may drive patterns and trends in MPA establishment were assessed. A country's coastline length is the strongest predictor of both the number and spatial extent of MPAs.

Explaining global patterns and trends in marine protected area (MPA) development

The relative paucity and heterogeneous distribution of marine protected areas (MPAs) indicates the need for better understanding of factors that foster MPA establishment at local, sub-national, and national levels. The relationship between national-level MPA establishment and geographic, ecological, social, and political factors that may drive patterns and trends in MPA establishment were assessed. A country's coastline length is the strongest predictor of both the number and spatial extent of MPAs.