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MPA governance

Enabling Effective and Equitable Marine Protected Areas – guidance on combining governance approaches

UN Environment developed an evidence-based guide on how to use the governance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in promoting conservation and and a sustainable use of marine resources. Case studies from around the world were used to highlight different MPA governance approaches and to develop a govenance framework that can be used as part of an adaptive management cycle. The guide recognizes that there is no 'one size fits all' solution and identifies gender, class and cultural differences in the management and governance of MPAs.

Study on the economic benefits of marine protected areas

This report is one of the products of a project reviewing the economic benefits of MPAs, which is initiated by the European Commission and carried out by ICF, IEEP and PML. This study, task five of the larger project, gathered information from ten MPA case studies through qualitative research including stakeholder interviews and field visits. The ten case studies investigated the economic benefits of MPAs to evalaluate findings resulting from the project's previous research tasks and to collect lessons learned based on situations from different MPAs in European waters. 

Enabling Effective and Equitable Marine Protected Areas - Guidance on combining governance approaches

This guide is developed by UN Environment (UNEP) to provide evidence-based advice on how to use the governance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in promoting ocean conservation and a sustainable use of marine resources. The governance framework and key issues highlight several governance situations, and are supported by case studies that exemplify different governance approaches, challenges and solutions. The guide recognises that each situation demands its own solution and therefore offers a flexible approach to governance.

People-centric guidelines for Marine Protected Area management

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are one of the key tools used to achieve conservation, biodiversity and fisheries management objectives around the world. Increasingly though, conservation planners, MPA managers, researchers and local communities are calling for a more people-centred approach to MPA planning and management, recognising that long-term conservation and fisheries management objectives will not be realised unless human dimensions and societal concerns are adequately addressed.

Integrating Marine Protected Areas in fisheries management systems: some criteria for ecological efficiency

Through a review of the scientific literature and a more in-depth qualitative meta-analysis of 16 case studies distributed worldwide, this article aims to study impacts of MPAs on marine living resources, ecosystems and related fisheries and to highlight their criteria of efficiency as management tools for a sustainable exploitation. MPAs are efficient for conservation purposes and resource restoration, especially inside their borders.

FAO Fisheries Management chapter 4: Marine Protected Areas and Fisheries

This document on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and fisheries has been developed to provide information and guidance on the use of MPAs in the context of fisheries. As MPA implementation moves ahead in the arena of marine biodiversity conservation, many people feel that the fisheries aspects are not fully understood nor always appropriately taken into account, and that guidance specific to this sector is needed.

How is your MPA doing? A guidebook of natural and social indicators for evaluating marine protected area management effectiveness (SPANISH)

This guidebook helps managers and conservation practitioners evaluate the effectiveness of MPAs. Evaluation is based on indicators that measure the effectiveness of management actions in attaining goals and objectives that are specific to MPAs, the marine environment and coastal communities. Indicators can be selected by MPAs managers and practitioners based on the needs and resources particular to each site. The guidebook includes biophysical, socio-economic, and governance indicators for MPAs. Also translated in English and French.