This WWF report analyses the current marine protection area in the Mediterranean Sea, an area with a very rich diversity of marine and coastal ecosystems, a year before the CBD Aichi Target 11 deadline. Throughout the years, unsustainable use of marine resources, pollution and other threats from human activities have caused a dramatic decrease of marine species, as well as the destruction of important habitats.
Human activities cause major threats to marine biodiversity, which has led to the target of protecting at least 10% of the oceans with area-based conservation measures, like marine protected areas (MPAs). Achieving such a global target asks for a profound understanding of how potentially harmful human activities are distributed, as well as their expected impacts. An approach that is being increasingly used to better understand human impact on species and ecosystems is cumulative impact mapping, allowing to identify the possible effects of economic sectors.
This report evaluates the effectiveness of the Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Europe. In the final year before the 2020 deadline of the Aichi Target, this study indicates that the most critical elements of the European MPAs are not effective and are failing the contintent's marine biodiversity. Today, only 1.8% of the European Union's seas are MPAs with management plans, although 12,4% of these waters are designated for protection. Moreover, only part of this 1,8% is managed and monitored effectively.
This article analyses societal preferences and economic support for coastal Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Wales, United Kingdom through a latent class choice experiment approach. The findings show that people in general support the ocean protection offered by MPAs and that they, as a society, are willing bear the costs deriving from conservation. Although the respondents generally oppose MPAs were human activity is not allowed at all, the results indicate that three classes of societal preferences can be established regarding the management of potentially sea-floor damaging activities.
This study assesed plastics in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in UK overseas territories in the Atlantic, and investigated the shore, sea surface, water column and seabed of the MPAs. During the research period from 2013 to 2018, drastic changes were found; marine debris on beaches increased more than 10 fold in the past decade and also plastics on the sea surface increased.
This factsheet, a product of the partnership of WWF UK and Sky Ocean Rescue (UK SEAS Project), provides answers to the question: "What are the key benefits the marine environment provides to people, and what are the risks and opportunities?" related to North Devon, United Kingdom. This communication tool gives a brief explaination of how the concept of Ecosystem Services and how this applies to the situation in North Devon. The UK SEAS Project developed several other reports and communications tools that can be find via the link below.
This compass is a product of the UK SEAS project, a partnership of WWF and Sky Ocean Rescue, aiming to improve the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the UK and share lessons across Europe and beyond. Being an evaluation tool for MPA management effectiveness, the compass contains 38 criteria that address different aspects of the management of MPAs.
This report is a product of the partnership UK Seas of WWF UK and Sky Ocean Rescue. It identifies potential finance mechanisms for Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and analyses which of them are fitting for the MPAs of the United Kingdom, and North Devon in particular. Ecological, social and economic factors are included in the analysis, including the protection of sensitive habitats and species, tourism opportunities and carbon sequestration, among others.
This report analyses the progress of the Irish Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) with the 2020 Aichi target less than two years away, and shares why MPAs are a crucial tool in ocean protection. Ireland has committed to converting 10% of its waters into MPAs that have nature conservation as their number one objective. At the moment of publishing this report, only 2.3% of the Irish waters were protected to this extend. The Irish Wildlife Trust is urging the govenment to make the establishment of effectively designed and managed MPAs a priority.
This report provides an update on the current state of the MPA network in English waters, established under the United Kingdom's Marine and Coastal Access Act. Since 2012, the United Kingdom has made substantial progress on its MPA network - also called the 'Blue Belt' - and fifty new Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) have been designated. In broad terms, the targets of this large-scale project focus on the conservation of marine species and habitats in the MPA network.