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Pacific

Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines for Biodiversity Conservation

This paper evaluates the marine protected area (MPA) effectiveness for conservation targets by applying two approaches: 1) the extent to which marine bioregions and conservation priority areas are represented in existing MPAs and 2) reviewing the spacing patterns and size of marine reserves. Although measuring to which extent MPAs meet conservation targets and identifying gaps are crucial for effective MPA networks, there has been conducted limited research on the effectiveness of MPAs in the Philippines, an internationally recognized priority area.

Partial protection disallowing trawling has conservation benefits in a subtropical marine park

Generally, multiple-use marine protected areas (MPAs) allow exploitation activities that are considered acceptable. However, Partially Protected Areas (PPAs) are not always effective in relation to management objectives and biotic responses vary. This study used remote under water video methods to compare fish and invertebrate assemblages between two PPA types, one allowing trawling and the other not, in the subtropical Solitary Islands Marine Park in Australia.

The role of coral triangle initiative on coral reefs, fisheries, and food securities in Indonesia's environmental conservation

This study elaborates on the role of CTI-CFF in dealing with marine ecosystem conservation issues in Indonesia. The results point out that the CTI-CFF's role in Indonesia's conservation efforts include three CFF aspects: food security, fisheries and coral reef conservation. The CTI-CFF program on coral reef issues is CTI-COREMAP and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), and its Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) program focuses on fisheries.

Historical and contemporary indigenous marine conservation strategies in the North Pacific

The oceans urgently need strategies to halt and reverse the decline of marine biodiversity worldwide. This paper shares the marine conservation approaches of the Kitasoo/Xai'xais First Nation in British Columbia, Canada, and assesses the Conservation Measures Partnership' conservation actions classification system on these approaches. The results show that the embodiment of conservation of the actions as part of the First Nation's worldview, rather than everyday life actions, is missing from  the classification system of the Conservation Measures Partnership.

Pre‐closure fishing pressure predicts effects of marine protected areas

Well-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) can be an effective marine resource management tool. The benefits MPAs can have for fish populations have been confirmed, but the biological outcomes of studies are often heterogeneous. This research determined if the levels of fishing exploitation before the establishment of an MPA could predict the effects the MPA would have on fish populations after establishment. The sizes of fish species targeted by anglers in seven MPAs in the Southern California Bight were compared to the same species in nearby, non-MPA areas.

Video: A Culture of Conservation - Protecting Fiji's inshore fisheries and reefs

This video tells the story of how the people of Fiji, a country with a great marine biodiversity, joint forces with NGOs and the government to improve the health of their coastal fisheries. Dedicated to their mission to improve livelihoods through smart fisheries strategies, the people of Fiji are working together on a network Locally Managed Marine Areas.This marriage of traditional knowledge and modern scientific tools is a success story.

Video: Malpelo Island Hope Spot Expedition

The Mission Blue Expedition visited the Malpelo Island Hope Spot located 310 miles off the coast of Colombia. In this best best practice story, Sandra Bussedo of the Malpelo Foundation and other experts share story of this Marine Protected Area (MPA), how they protect its biodiversity and the challenges they face. The team also works on improving the region's network of MPAs and shares research results to be able to better protect hammerhead sharks, silky sharks and other migratory shark species in the East Pacific. 

Gender and marine protected areas: a case study of Danajon Bank, Philippines

Since the relationship between gendered fishing practices and participatory management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) is not frequently examined, this paper analyses the role of gender in community-based managed MPAs in the Central Philippines. The study shows that MPAs were largely perceived to be a tool for men's fishing, although both women and men practiced fishing.

Ecological evaluation of a marine protected area network: a progressive‐change BACIPS approach

Using the progressive-change BACIPS approach, this study assesses the ecological impact of a network of MPAs of five fully and three moderately protected MPAs, near the island oF Moorea in French Polynesia. The results show that coral reef habitats, density and biomass of harvested fishes increased by 19.3% and 24.8%, respectively, compared to the control fished areas. The article highlights the importance of fully protected MPAs over moderaly protected MPAs since fully protected areas have greater ecological benefits. 

Biophysically Special, Unique Marine Areas of Fiji

Fiji, located in the Oceania region, has a very rich natural capital. This report is a product of the Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Management in Pacfic Island Countries (MACBIO) project and outlines the process of defining and describing the Special, Unique Marine Areas (SUMAs) of Fiji. Appointing these unique marine areas provides an important tool that serves as input for many decisions related to MPA establishment and management.

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