Do static and dynamic marine protected areas that restrict pelagic fishing achieve ecological objectives?
Recently, there has been an increase in large-scale marine protected areas (MPAs) with pelagic habitats that contribute significantly managing threats to pelagic ecosystems, as well as to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. This study assessed evidence for achieving ecological targets by dynamic and static spatial management of pelagic fisheries; very few other studies have analysed the ecological effects of MPAs that limit pelagic fisheries. Focusing on five ecological objectives, this paper elaborates on how pelagic MPAs could be designed without creating cross‐taxa conflicts and aggravating fisheries‐induced evolution. Furthermore, the study aims to fill substantial gaps in knowledge by prescribing counterfactual‐based modeling of time series data of standardized catch records to derive a causal relationship in the assessment of ecological responses to pelagic MPAs.