Historical and contemporary indigenous marine conservation strategies in the North Pacific
The oceans urgently need strategies to halt and reverse the decline of marine biodiversity worldwide. This paper shares the marine conservation approaches of the Kitasoo/Xai'xais First Nation in British Columbia, Canada, and assesses the Conservation Measures Partnership' conservation actions classification system on these approaches. The results show that the embodiment of conservation of the actions as part of the First Nation's worldview, rather than everyday life actions, is missing from the classification system of the Conservation Measures Partnership. Since the Kitasoo/Xai'xais are working on their governance and management authorities, just like many other indigenous communities, there is an opportunity to enable the First Nation to lead on marine conservation efforts.