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A Practical Guide to the Effective Design and Management of MPAs for Sharks and Rays


This guide provides science-based advice on developing and maintaining MPAs for sharks and rays, which are increasingly threatened with extinction. Supported by examples of MPAs around the world, the clear guidelines help to maximize the impact of spatial protection by outlining how to ensure the areas are well designed, implemented, managed and enforced for the long term. The guide builds on the most comprehensive global analysis to date of the effectiveness of shark-focused MPAs, as well as a review of known information on the movement of sharks.