Protecting our ocean: Europe's challenges to meet the 2020 deadlines
This report evaluates the effectiveness of the Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Europe. In the final year before the 2020 deadline of the Aichi Target, this study indicates that the most critical elements of the European MPAs are not effective and are failing the contintent's marine biodiversity. Today, only 1.8% of the European Union's seas are MPAs with management plans, although 12,4% of these waters are designated for protection. Moreover, only part of this 1,8% is managed and monitored effectively.