This info-comic explains in a comprehensible and entertaining way the threats coral reefs face and reviews how marine protected areas (MPAs) can help protecting them, building on scientific evidence and several case studies. The graphic elaborates on reef resilience, coral bleaching and the challenges of coral reef recovery related to MPA initiatives.
The role of coral triangle initiative on coral reefs, fisheries, and food securities in Indonesia's environmental conservation
This study elaborates on the role of CTI-CFF in dealing with marine ecosystem conservation issues in Indonesia. The results point out that the CTI-CFF's role in Indonesia's conservation efforts include three CFF aspects: food security, fisheries and coral reef conservation. The CTI-CFF program on coral reef issues is CTI-COREMAP and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), and its Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) program focuses on fisheries.
A global assessment of the direct and indirect benefits of marine protected areas for coral reef conservation
This study contributes to the evidence of the benefits of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) for enhancing coral cover. A global dataset with information of 30 MPAs, obtained with standardized survey methods, was used was to test the effects of five key MPA attributes on coral cover, algal cover and reef fish biomass. The results show that only well-managed, no-take MPAs that were at least ten years old had higher coral cover compared to unprotected areas.
Using the progressive-change BACIPS approach, this study assesses the ecological impact of a network of MPAs of five fully and three moderately protected MPAs, near the island oF Moorea in French Polynesia. The results show that coral reef habitats, density and biomass of harvested fishes increased by 19.3% and 24.8%, respectively, compared to the control fished areas. The article highlights the importance of fully protected MPAs over moderaly protected MPAs since fully protected areas have greater ecological benefits.
Larval dispersal and movement patterns of coral reef fishes, and implications for marine reserve network design
This article provides its readers with advices on marine network design from the perspective of larval dispersal. The information gathered in this research allows, for the first time, to advice on the size, spacing and location of marine reserves in tropical marine ecosystems in order to maximise benefits for conservation and fisheries management, for a range of species.
This infographic maps the in 2012 created MPA in front of the coast of Mozambique. The infographic shows how different ecosystems and species benefit from this protected area.
In many tropical nations, ﬁsheries management requires a community-based approach because small customary marine tenure areas deﬁne the spatial scale of management. However, the fate of larvae originating from a community’s tenure is unknown, and thus the degree to which a community can expect their management actions to replenish the ﬁsheries within their tenure is unclear. Furthermore, whether and how much larval dispersal links tenure areas can provide a strong basis for cooperative management.
Using genetic parentage analyses, this study resolves patterns of larval dispersal for two species of exploited coral reef fish within a network of marine reserves on the Geat Barrier Reef. In a 1,000 km2 study area populations resident in three reserves exported 83% (coral trout, Plectropomus maculatus) and 55% (stipey snapper, Lutjanus carponotatus) of assigned offspring to fished reefs, with the remainder having recruited to natal reserves or other reserves in the region.
Bunaken National Park (BNP) in Sulawesi, Indonesia represents an interesting case study of a medium- sized (89,000 hectares), tropical developing country MPA that is currently forging ahead with a plan to diversify its funding portfolio in the hopes of securing sustainable financing for its management and conservation activities. BNP was established in 1991, and encompasses five islands, two separate mainland sections and 22 villages with approximately 30,000 residents.
WWF and Blue Economies in the Coral Triangle: Developing and Demonstrating Blue Economies for Sustainable Development and Profitable Resource Use in the Region
This discussion paper describes the approach of WWF in the Coral Triangle and specifically the aim of integrating conservation with sustainable development objectives towards what we call a "blue economy".