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WWF and Blue Economies in the Coral Triangle: Developing and Demonstrating Blue Economies for Sustainable Development and Profitable Resource Use in the Region

This discussion paper describes the approach of WWF in the Coral Triangle and specifically the aim of integrating conservation with sustainable development objectives towards what we call a "blue economy". 

Blue Carbon: A new concept for reducing the impacts of climate change by conserving coastal ecosystems in the Coral Triangle

This repport is aimed at politicians, governments, businesses and organisations that influence the development of policies and strategies in climate change mitigation and adaptation, poverty alleviation, natural resource use, biodiversity conservation and economics. It's aim is to stimulate discussion and debate on how to promote and utilise healthy coastal ecosystems and the valuable benefits they provide to support a sustainable and more climate resilient future for communities within the Coral Triangle. 

Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios

The ocean moderates anthropogenic climate change at the cost of profound alterations of its physics, chemistry, ecology, and services. Here, we evaluate and compare the risks of impacts on marine and coastal ecosystems—and the goods and services they provide—for growing cumulative carbon emissions under two contrasting emissions scenarios. The current emissions trajectory would rapidly and significantly alter many ecosystems and the associated services on which humans heavily depend.

Securing ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change

This paper reviews how three valued services have, and will continue to, shift under climate change: (1) capture fisheries, (2) food from aquaculture, and (3) protection from coastal hazards such as storms and sea-level rise. Climate adaptation planning is just beginning for fisheries, aquaculture production, and risk mitigation for coastal erosion and inundation.

Governing Marine Protected Areas: Getting the balance right (UNEP Technical Report)

The key to good practice in governing MPAs will be to combine the steering role of the state, markets and people through an appropriate balance of approaches, given the conflicts and context of a particular case. Resilience in MPA governance frameworks is woven by complex webs connecting incentives from five categories: economic incentives, interpretative incentives, knowledge incentives, legal incentives, and participative incentives. 

New paradigms for supporting the resilience of marine ecosystems

Resource managers and scientists from disparate disciplines are rising to the challenge of understanding and moderating human impacts on marine ecosystems. Traditional barriers to communication between marine ecologists, fisheries biologists, social scientists and economists are beginning to break down, and the distinction between applied and basic research is fading.

Key Principles in Designating Marine Protected Areas and Marine Reserves

This paper summarises some key principles to consider in the designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and Marine Reserves (MRs). These principles are derived from briefings produced by the Antarctic Ocean Alliance (AOA), an ASOC member. They discuss the duration of MPAs and MRs, the application of the precautionary principle to MPAs and MRs and the designation of MPAs and MRs in the context of climate change. Additionally, CCAMLR’s opportunity to create a strong conservation legacy for future generations is highlighted.