Brazil - Fish production was high outside the MPA (9.25 t/day), and could be profitable, resulting in reduced fishing pressure, but a faulty market chain prevents this. Fishers involved with coastal tourism had better incomes than those who engaged in only fisheries. Tourism in permitted areas outside the MPA could benefit both fisheries and biodiversity conservation by reducing the time fishers allocate to fishing and by attracting visitors for wildlife viewing.
Case Study: MARFIN: A Financial Planning Tool for Coastal and Marine Protected Area in the Mesoamerican Reef Ecoregion
Sixty-three coastal and marine areas have been identified within the MAR that can constitute a regional network of protected areas. One of the greatest challenges facing protected areas is to achieve long-term financial sustainability.
User fees can contribute to the ﬁnancial sustainability of marine protected areas (MPAs), yet they must be acceptable to users. We explore changes in the fee system and management of Bonaire National Marine Park (BNMP) from the perspective of users. Responses from 393 tourists indicated that 90% were satisﬁed with park conditions and considered current user fees reasonable. However, only 47% of divers and 40% of non-divers were prepared to pay more.
WWF Mediterranean Marine Initiative showcase of sustainable tourism in the beautiful Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas. Created By Claudia Amico for WWF Mediterranean.
Identification and Valuation of Adaptation Options in Coastal-Marine Ecosystems: Test case from Placencia, Belize
WWF has developed an innovative, science-based methodology to assess adaptation options in coastal -marine ecosystems in Belize. Drawing on pertinent literature and the extensive work to date in Belize , the document introduces key ecosystem services, the methodological approach used by InVEST, and climate variables being considered for this study.
Connectivity patterns of coastal fishes following different dispersal scenarios across a transboundary marine protected area (Bonifacio strait, NW Mediterranean)
The Strait of Bonifacio constitutes one of the rare transboundary Marine Protected Areas (MPA) of the Mediterranean Sea (between Sardinia, Italy and Corsica, France).
Many of Europe’s marine species, habitats and ecosystems have been threatened for decades. As maritime economic activities are predicted to increase in coming years, a new briefing from the European Environment Agency (EEA) argues that the cumulative impact of human activity should be better managed to avoid irreversible damage to ecosystems.
The deep-sea includes over 90% of the world's oceans and is thought to be one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. It supplies society with valuable ecosystem services, including the provision of food, the regeneration of nutrients and the sequestration of carbon. Technological advancements in the second half of the 20th century made large-scale exploitation of mineral, hydrocarbon and fish resources possible. These economic activities, combined with climate change impacts, constitute a considerable threat to deep-sea biodiversity.
First international payment for marine ecosystem services: the case of the Banc d'Arguin National Park, Mauritania
This article investigates whether the European Union-Mauritania fisheries agreement, which allocates part of the Europe's financial contribution to the conservation of marine ecosystems located within the Banc d’Arguin National Park, can be regarded as a payment for ecosystem service. A framework for qualification as such payment scheme was established based on an extensive literature review.
This guidebook details the steps in conducting a coastal ecosystem valuation to inform decision making in the Caribbean. It guides valuation practitioners—both economists and non-economists—through the three phases of a valuation effort (scoping, analysis and outreach), with an emphasis on stakeholder engagement in all phases.