Living Planet Report 2018
The Living Planet Report, WWF’s flagship publication released every two years, is a comprehensive study of trends in global biodiversity and the health of the planet. The Living Planet Report 2018 is the twelfth edition of the report and provides the scientific evidence to what nature has been telling us repeatedly: unsustainable human activity is pushing the planet’s natural systems that support life on Earth to the edge. Through multiple indicators including the Living Planet Index (LPI), provided by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), the report shows us the urgent need for a new global deal for nature and people with clear, ambitious goals, targets and metrics, to reverse the devastating trend of biodiversity loss currently impacting the one planet we all call home.
- Globally, nature provides services worth around US$125 trillion a year.
- In the 20th century, freshwater fish have had the highest extinction rate worldwide among vertebrates.
- Nearly 200 million people depend on coral reefs for protection against storm surge and waves.
- Rainforests are shrinking: almost 20% of the Amazon has disappeared in just 50 years.
- In the last 50 years, global average temperature has risen at 170 times the background rate.
- At least 70% of new small molecule drugs introduced over the past 25 years have come from a natural source.
- Almost 6 billion tonnes of fish and other seafood have been taken from the world’s oceans since 1950.
- Today, 90% of the world’s seabirds are estimated to have fragments of plastic in their stomach.